The Republic of Ghana lies on the west coast of Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the North by Burkina Faso, Cote D’Ivoire to the West and Togo to the East. The total area is about 238,537km2 and the climate is tropical; warm and dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; and hot and dry in the North. The total population is about 27 million with English as the official language but there are ten major languages, the most widely spoken being Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagomba and Ga.
Historically, Ghana was known as the Gold Coast, owing to its rich mineral resources of gold. The country was colonized under the British colony until 6th March,1957 when the country gained independence led by the first President, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. This made Ghana the first African country to have gained independence from colonial rule. On 1st July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country. The country went through several periods of military coup until April 1992 when the constitution allowed for a multi-party system which was