Ghana

Get to Know Ghana

The Republic of Ghana lies on the west coast of Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the North by Burkina Faso, Cote D’Ivoire to the West and Togo to the East. The total area is about 238,537km2 and the climate is tropical; warm and dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; and hot and dry in the North. The total population is about 27 million with English as the official language but there are ten major languages, the most widely spoken being Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagomba and Ga.

Historically, Ghana was known as the Gold Coast, owing to its rich mineral resources of gold. The country was colonized under the British colony until 6th March,1957 when the country gained independence led by the first President, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. This made Ghana the first African country to have gained independence from colonial rule. On 1st July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country. The country went through several periods of military coup until April 1992 when the constitution allowed for a multi-party system which was

ghana_safari_tours

The Kakum Canopy Walk, Ghana

approved in a referendum. This ushered a period of democracy and political stability in the country up until now. Ghana is currently in the 4th Republic and in January 2018, the country celebrated 25years of the 4th Republic. Ghana is a beacon of democracy, peace, security and political stability in Sub Saharan Africa. As the torch bearer of African Independence, Ghana has remained the fountain of inspiration for ideas and ideals such as freedom, national self-determination and the dream of continental unity.

approved in a referendum. This ushered a period of democracy and political stability in the country up until now. Ghana is currently in the 4th Republic and in January 2018, the country celebrated 25years of the 4th Republic. Ghana is a beacon of democracy, peace, security and political stability in Sub Saharan Africa. As the torch bearer of African Independence, Ghana has remained the fountain of inspiration for ideas and ideals such as freedom, national self-determination and the dream of continental unity.

Economically, Ghana is led by the Services sector (54.6% of GDP); followed by the Industrial sector (24.3% of GDP). The Agricultural sector is the least contributor of Ghana’s GDP, accounting for 19.1%. The agricultural sector was however the huge contributor of Ghana’s GDP decades ago and the growth of the services and industry (oil inclusive) has seen the sector contributing less to the country’s growth. That notwithstanding, the agricultural sector is the biggest employer in the country, especially in rural areas, as evident in most developing economies. The major export

cocoa

Cocoa Tree in GHANA

commodity is Cocoa where Ghana is the 2nd world largest producer of cocoa after Ivory Coast. The country is also rich in natural resources such as gold, bauxite, manganese and crude oil. Inspite of the fluctuating performance in economic growth in recent years (3.7% in 2016 against 14% in 2011), Ghana remains one of the Africa’s fastest growing economies with significant being made in poverty reduction (24.2%). Post-2015 saw Ghana the first country in Sub-Saharan Africa to achieve the Milennium Development Goal 1, which focused on halving extreme poverty.

Ghana is a peaceful and serene country to live and visit with its numerous tourist sites including the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum, where the remains of the first president of Ghana and his belongings such as the car he used are housed. The Cape Coast and the Elmina Castles housed the slave trade regime and they are places worth visiting. There is also the Kakum park, which has a canopy walk-way flying over a thick and wildlife populated forest. There are also a number of game reserves and water falls to behold.

Kente

Kente, Made in GHANA